Ketosis vs ketoacidosis is one of the biggest misconceptions in the world of health and fitness. In fact, many people hear about ketoacidosis and instantaneously become fearful of starting a ketosis diet. Well, you should stop worrying. Those two terms are commonly confused with each other, but there is a HUGE difference. Ketosis is a normal metabolic pathway while ketoacidosis is a dangerous medical condition that is only of concern to those with Type I diabetes.
Ketosis, in essence, is a metabolic pathway that is initiated when the body is deprived of carbohydrates. The ketosis pathway then will begin to metabolize proteins and fats for energy since all liver glycogen stores have been depleted. As a byproduct of lipolysis, the body will begin to produce ketones which can be used by the body as energy. For more information on Ketosis, please read What is Ketosis?.
Ketoacidosis, on the other hand, is a state in which there are extremely high levels of ketones in the blood which causes the blood pH level to become dangerously acidic. This usually only occurs in diabetic individuals, since their bodies either have no insulin or doesn’t respond to insulin.
For the average individual looking to lose a few pounds, ketosis vs ketoacidosis should not be on your mind. Going into ketoacidosis is not a real threat. Only those that have been diagnosed as diabetic or pre-diabetic should be concerned with the possibility of ketoacidosis. If you do have any concerns though, you should consult your family physician or dietician.